Imam Hassan Mujtaba (AS)

Written by  Published by:Shiite News
Published in Articles
Thursday, 26 August 2010


IMAM_HASSAN_3On the Birth Anniversary of Imam Hassan (AS) Mahjubah sends congratulations to all Muslims of the world and uses this opportunity to present a brief summary of his life.

Imam Hassan Mujtaba (AS) was the first grandson of the Holy Prophet (SAW) and also the first offspring of the holy matrimony of Imam Ali (AS) and Hazrat Fatima (SA). He was born in the middle of Ramadhan, 3 A.H.

Imam Hassan was cared and loves by his grandfather for seven years. In his childhood he accompanied the Prophet (SAW) to the mosque and when he (SAW) prostrated, he would climb upon his shoulders. The Prophet (SAW) would remain in prostration for a longer time and let the child sit on his shoulders.

Imam Hassan (AS) was one of the four persons who accompanied the Prophet (SAW) under the `Aba" (clock) when God sent down this verse:

"Allah"s wish is but to remove uncleanness from you, O people of the Household and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing." (33:33)

Once when Christian scholars had come to Medina to talk to the Prophet (SAW) and  to enquire about his call to Islam, a heated debate ensued. For this reason, each party took their dearest of kin to the dessert and appealed to Allah to curse the party who uttered falsehood.

The Prophet (SAW) took Imam Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain (AS) to the desert. When the Christian scholars saw the children of the Prophet (SAW), they gave up the idea of calling down the curse of Allah on the loser of the debate.

One day during his childhood, he with his brother Hussain (AS) saw an Arab man performing ablution. In as much as he didn't perform the ritual properly, they decided to show him how it should be done. But in order that he might not be annoyed, they suggested to him that they perform ablution, and the man judge which ablution was correctly performed. The Arab man said: "Both your ablutions are perfect and mine is wrong." He was amazed at their politeness and asked them who they were and kissed their faces.

As to the features of his face and body, Imam Hassan (AS) had healthy pink cheeks, black eyes, thick beard, curly thick hair, silver-white neck, symmetry of body, broad shoulders, firm muscles, slender waist, middle stature and handsome looks.

Moral Endowments:

Imam Hassan (AS) was generous, modest and brave. During his ablution and saying his prayer, his body trembled and his face turned pale. He divided his money: one part for himself; another for the Cause of Allah; and the remaining part for the relief of needy people.

One day he passed by a group of poor people in the street who had spread a cloth on the ground. Seeing Imam Hassan (AS), they invited him to lunch with them which was nothing but crumbs. Imam accepted the invitation and took a few morsels and then he took them home and gave them food and clothes. He made pilgrimage to the Holy Kaba 25 times on foot, whereas he had full-bred horses. The Holy Prophet (SAW) had said that Hassan (AS) and Hussain (AS) were both his children and Imams, whether they rose up or secluded themselves. In the battles of Jamal and Siffin, Imam Hassan (AS) fought by his father's side and displayed great valor. Some historians narrated that during the caliphate of Umar ibn Khattab, Imam Hassan (AS) was a conqueror of part of the Iranian territory.

Imam Hassan (A.S),the Manifestation of the Divine Blessings:

Like all other Imams from Imam Ali (A.S) to Imam Mahdi (A.S), the 2nd Imam (A.S) possessed all the lofty characteristics Allah had blessed them with.

The 2nd Imam (AS) was born on the 15th of Ramadhan 624 A.H., his Imamate extending for 10 years and was martyred on the 28th Safar 671 A.H., at the age of 47 years. He was buried in the Baqi" Cemetery in Medina (Saudi Arabia).

The Prophet (pbuh) loved his grandsons greatly, saying: "Whoever loves Hassan (A.S) and Hussain (A.S), has loved me and those who harm these two, have harmed me."

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also used to say: "Hassan and Hussain are masters of the youth of Paradise... These two grandsons of mine are Imams (Divine Leaders)," whether they adopt a non-war stance (like Imam Hassan (A.S), who later signed the famous conditional peace treaty) or draw the sword to fight (just as the history later witnessed Imam Hussain (A.S) at Kerbala).

Hazrat Fatima (SA) once visited her father (SAW) with her two sons [Hassan (A.S) and Hussain (A.S)] and asked for her father"s blessings for his grandsons. The Prophet (pbuh) replied: "As for Hassan, he has my generosity and bravery ..."

The Virtues of Imam Hassan (A.S):

Imam Hassan Mujtaba (A.S) was one of those outstanding personalities whose individual and social facets can be an incomparable guide for the treaders of the path of humanity.   His outstanding characteristics were his forgiveness and compassion which have been widely quoted on by historians. In a narration on this subject, it has been revealed that a person went up to Imam Hassan (A.S) and made some demands. The Imam (A.S) asked for his need to be written and brought to him. When it was brought, the Imam (A.S) gave him twice as much as he had asked for.

Some other virtuous qualities of Imam Hassan (A.S) were his patience and forbearance as well as avoidance of hypocrisy and having "a holier than thou attitude."

In this regard too, there are several narrations, one of which we quote as an example below:

It is quoted that a man from Syria had said: "One day I saw a man in Medina who had a tranquil and extremely beautiful countenance and wore the most beautiful clothes and was astride a mule who had been decorated in a beautiful manner. I asked: "Who is this man?"

They replied: "He is Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (A.S)."  A seething rage overtook me from head to toe and as a result I felt jealous of Ali ibn Abu Talib (A.S) for having such a son.

So I went up to him and enquired: "Are you the son of Abu Talib?" He answered: "I am the offspring of his son."

In a rage, I let out a flood of abuses and slander at him. After I had finished abusing him, he asked me if I was a stranger. To which I replied in the positive. Then he asked me to go along with him and that he would arrange a place for me to stay if I didn"t have one; and that if I didn"t have money, he would help me out. Also if I was in need, he would me make self-sufficient.

When I had separated from him, there was no one on earth who was more beloved to me than Imam Hassan ibn Ali (A.S).

On the religious role of Imam Hassan (A.S), besides the fact that he was a means for the succession of the Household of the Prophet (pbuh) and was responsible for the transfer of the works of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh)(and of whom the Sunni school of thought also narrate in praise of his jurisprudence), his most important work must be considered to be the compilation of the Book of Traditions (Ahadith).

It has been narrated that Imam Hassan (A.S) had stated to his children and his brother (A.S) that:

"Today you are the infants of one nation who will in a short time become the elders of a great nation. Partake knowledge, and if you cannot then maintain and narrate it. Write it down and place it in your home."

At times, Imam Hassan (A.S) would be the authority for solving certain intricate problems which some people would ask of Muawiyya, and which he, in spite of the presence of narrators and scholars in his court, would be unable to answer and would finally refer to Imam Hassan Mujtaba (A.S).

Imam Hassan (A.S) sacrificed what he could, even though he had earlier said: "I am the grandson of the one who brought the good news. I am the grandson of the warner. I am the grandson of the man who, with Allah"s permission, summoned the people to Allah. I am the grandson of the light which shone out to the world. I am the House from whom Allah has sent away abomination and whom Allah has required love in His Book (Quran), when Allah, the Most High, said: Say, `I don"t ask you for any reward except love for my kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself," [3:3]. The good is love for us, the House."

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The birth of Hassan ibn Ali (AS) and his childhood

When he was born, the Prophet (SAW) cuddled him lovingly in his arms and whispered the "Azan" in his right ear and "Iqamah" in his left ear.

Imam Hassan was cared and loves by his grandfather for seven years. In his childhood he accompanied the Prophet (SAW) to the mosque and when he (SAW) prostrated, he would climb upon his shoulders. The Prophet (SAW) would remain in prostration for a longer time and let the child sit on his shoulders.

Imam Hassan (AS) was one of the four persons who accompanied the Prophet (SAW) under the `Aba" (clock) when God sent down this verse:

"Allah"s wish is but to remove uncleanness from you, O people of the Household and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing." (33:33)

Once when Christian scholars had come to Medina to talk to the Prophet (SAW) and  to enquire about his call to Islam, a heated debate ensued. For this reason, each party took their dearest of kin to the dessert and appealed to Allah to curse the party who uttered falsehood.

The Prophet (SAW) took Imam Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain (AS) to the desert. When the Christian scholars saw the children of the Prophet (SAW), they gave up the idea of calling down the curse of Allah on the loser of the debate.

One day during his childhood, he with his brother Hussain (AS) saw an Arab man performing ablution. In as much as he didn't perform the ritual properly, they decided to show him how it should be done. But in order that he might not be annoyed, they suggested to him that they perform ablution, and the man judge which ablution was correctly performed. The Arab man said: "Both your ablutions are perfect and mine is wrong." He was amazed at their politeness and asked them who they were and kissed their faces.

As to the features of his face and body, Imam Hassan (AS) had healthy pink cheeks, black eyes, thick beard, curly thick hair, silver-white neck, symmetry of body, broad shoulders, firm muscles, slender waist, middle stature and handsome looks.

Moral Endowments:

Imam Hassan (AS) was generous, modest and brave. During his ablution and saying his prayer, his body trembled and his face turned pale. He divided his money: one part for himself; another for the Cause of Allah; and the remaining part for the relief of needy people.

One day he passed by a group of poor people in the street who had spread a cloth on the ground. Seeing Imam Hassan (AS), they invited him to lunch with them which was nothing but crumbs. Imam accepted the invitation and took a few morsels and then he took them home and gave them food and clothes. He made pilgrimage to the Holy Kaba 25 times on foot, whereas he had full-bred horses. The Holy Prophet (SAW) had said that Hassan (AS) and Hussain (AS) were both his children and Imams, whether they rose up or secluded themselves. In the battles of Jamal and Siffin, Imam Hassan (AS) fought by his father's side and displayed great valor. Some historians narrated that during the caliphate of Umar ibn Khattab, Imam Hassan (AS) was a conqueror of part of the Iranian territory.

Imam Hassan (A.S),the Manifestation of the Divine Blessings:

Like all other Imams from Imam Ali (A.S) to Imam Mahdi (A.S), the 2nd Imam (A.S) possessed all the lofty characteristics Allah had blessed them with.

The 2nd Imam (AS) was born on the 15th of Ramadhan 624 A.H., his Imamate extending for 10 years and was martyred on the 28th Safar 671 A.H., at the age of 47 years. He was buried in the Baqi" Cemetery in Medina (Saudi Arabia).

The Prophet (pbuh) loved his grandsons greatly, saying: "Whoever loves Hassan (A.S) and Hussain (A.S), has loved me and those who harm these two, have harmed me."

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also used to say: "Hassan and Hussain are masters of the youth of Paradise... These two grandsons of mine are Imams (Divine Leaders)," whether they adopt a non-war stance (like Imam Hassan (A.S), who later signed the famous conditional peace treaty) or draw the sword to fight (just as the history later witnessed Imam Hussain (A.S) at Kerbala).

Hazrat Fatima (SA) once visited her father (SAW) with her two sons [Hassan (A.S) and Hussain (A.S)] and asked for her father"s blessings for his grandsons. The Prophet (pbuh) replied: "As for Hassan, he has my generosity and bravery ..."

The Virtues of Imam Hassan (A.S):

Imam Hassan Mujtaba (A.S) was one of those outstanding personalities whose individual and social facets can be an incomparable guide for the treaders of the path of humanity.   His outstanding characteristics were his forgiveness and compassion which have been widely quoted on by historians. In a narration on this subject, it has been revealed that a person went up to Imam Hassan (A.S) and made some demands. The Imam (A.S) asked for his need to be written and brought to him. When it was brought, the Imam (A.S) gave him twice as much as he had asked for.

Some other virtuous qualities of Imam Hassan (A.S) were his patience and forbearance as well as avoidance of hypocrisy and having "a holier than thou attitude."

In this regard too, there are several narrations, one of which we quote as an example below:

It is quoted that a man from Syria had said: "One day I saw a man in Medina who had a tranquil and extremely beautiful countenance and wore the most beautiful clothes and was astride a mule who had been decorated in a beautiful manner. I asked: "Who is this man?"

They replied: "He is Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (A.S)."  A seething rage overtook me from head to toe and as a result I felt jealous of Ali ibn Abu Talib (A.S) for having such a son.

So I went up to him and enquired: "Are you the son of Abu Talib?" He answered: "I am the offspring of his son."

In a rage, I let out a flood of abuses and slander at him. After I had finished abusing him, he asked me if I was a stranger. To which I replied in the positive. Then he asked me to go along with him and that he would arrange a place for me to stay if I didn"t have one; and that if I didn"t have money, he would help me out. Also if I was in need, he would me make self-sufficient.

When I had separated from him, there was no one on earth who was more beloved to me than Imam Hassan ibn Ali (A.S).

On the religious role of Imam Hassan (A.S), besides the fact that he was a means for the succession of the Household of the Prophet (pbuh) and was responsible for the transfer of the works of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh)(and of whom the Sunni school of thought also narrate in praise of his jurisprudence), his most important work must be considered to be the compilation of the Book of Traditions (Ahadith).

It has been narrated that Imam Hassan (A.S) had stated to his children and his brother (A.S) that:

"Today you are the infants of one nation who will in a short time become the elders of a great nation. Partake knowledge, and if you cannot then maintain and narrate it. Write it down and place it in your home."

At times, Imam Hassan (A.S) would be the authority for solving certain intricate problems which some people would ask of Muawiyya, and which he, in spite of the presence of narrators and scholars in his court, would be unable to answer and would finally refer to Imam Hassan Mujtaba (A.S).

Imam Hassan (A.S) sacrificed what he could, even though he had earlier said: "I am the grandson of the one who brought the good news. I am the grandson of the warner. I am the grandson of the man who, with Allah"s permission, summoned the people to Allah. I am the grandson of the light which shone out to the world. I am the House from whom Allah has sent away abomination and whom Allah has required love in His Book (Quran), when Allah, the Most High, said: Say, `I don"t ask you for any reward except love for my kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself," [3:3]. The good is love for us, the House."

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