Born: 1353/1934 Martyred: 1400/ 9th April, 1980 April 9, 2013 is the day of 33rd anniversary of Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.
He was a genius who charted new paths for his academic pursuit; a revivalist who called the people to return to Islam; a thinker who equipped the Muslims with ideological Ammunitions to fight un-islamic'isms'; and a leader who inflamed the youth's hearts with love of Islam. For seven centuries, classifications of the chapters of Fiqh followed the system of Muhaqqiq Hilli; no one thought that it could be improved, until baqir Al-Sadr wrote his Al-Fatawi al-Wazihah. His Iqtisaduna opened people's eyes to the fact that Islam had it's own economic system totally different from materialistic systems of capitalism, socialism, and communism. Hizb 'd-da'wah was established by martyrs Baqir Al-Sadr and Mahdi Hakeem (with blessings of Muhsin Al-Hakeem) to combat the Ba'thists' anti-Islamic onslaught; youths answered their call and Islam began its manifest revival. This unnerved the Ba'thist vicious regime. They imprisoned Sayyid Baqir Al-Sadr and his learned sister Bintul-Huda (Amina); and killed them after subjecting them to utmost tortures. One of the security officers of Saddam Regime narrated how the execution of Shaheed (martyr) Ayatullah Sayyed Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and Shaheeda (martyr) Sayyida Bint ul Huda took place: "They brought Sayyid Al-Sadr to the office of National Security in Baghdad and they bound him in chains, then Saddam arrived and said in Iraqi slang 'Muhammad Baqir, are you trying to make a government?' and then he started hitting his face and head with a strong rod. â€œSo the Sayyid said to him 'I have left the government to you' and then an argument broke out between them about this and about the Islamic revolution in Iran, which led Saddam into a fit of rage, so he ordered his henchmen to torture Sayyid Al-Sadr severely. Then he ordered the lashing of martyr Bint Al-Huda - after she had been tortured in another room - they brought her in unconscious condition and they were dragging her, so when the Sayyid saw her, he became upset and angry at her plight. He said to Saddam 'If you are a man, then undo my restraints'. But Saddam took a rod and began hitting the martyred Sayyida and she was senseless, then Saddam ordered for her breasts to be cut, which caused the Sayyid anger and he said to Saddam 'If you were a man, you would have faced me face-to-face and let my sister go, but you are a coward, between your bodyguards'. Saddam flew into rage and took out his gun and fired on the Sayyid and then his sister and then left like an insane man cursing and swearing"