Who Really Behind Coup in Turkey?

Written by  Published by:Shiite News
Published in Middle East
Saturday, 16 July 2016


There are two visions on the anti-government military coup that last night pushed Turkey into a state of chaos.

The first vision sees the pro-Gulen army personnel as orchestrating the anti-government move. Fethullah Gulen is a US-based Turkish cleric who has been challenging the power of the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The military coup came a week after the government launched for the first time a security operation against the army infiltrators of Gulen Movement. In past two years, no week passed without the country witnessing operations against the pro-Gulen forces and staff in the heart of the Turkish judicial body as well as the security system. Hundreds of staff were arrested while being accused of contribution to an “undercover network” inside the Turkish government. But for the first time last week, the security forces arrested a couple of army officers. Such a government clampdown has brought forth awareness for the Gulen Movement about the seriousness and determination of the government about facing the movement. In fact, such an understanding pushed the Gulen movement to move for carrying out the military move against Erdogan while being fully aware of the risks of success or failure of military coup. Actually, Gulen Movement knew that with coup or without it, it would be put down and eliminated by the government. So, in a dauntless move, it staged the last night's coup. It must be noted that a supreme military council was to be set up in the country's armed forces general staff in upcoming days. Having in mind the last week's moves, without doubt anti-Gulen decisions could be made inside the army council.

The Gulen Movement’s secret Peace Council has grown roots inside the country's army. According to the first theory it was this force that organized, managed, and conducted the military coup last night. The major problem of the penetrative group is its low military rankings. Many experts say that in short-term it is not possible for Gulen Movement to conduct a comprehensive coup, and in best it could only launch a campaign of sabotage in the country. Those who see— to the moment—the measures as a real but unsuccessful military coup take the very skillful media and psychological campaign of the group as a substantiation for their claims. As their first step, the mutineers seized control of the state TV station so that by creating panic in the country could move to the next step of the coup which is its management. Then they also took control of buildings of the private TV networks, and by blocking off satellite broadcasting they deprived a considerable part of the country from TV news. They also cut Internet connection across the country.

The second vision sees the unfolding events in Turkey as a game arranged by some government elements. The analysts suggest that the military coup is an attempt by some figures inside the government who want to exploit the critical conditions in the country to impair the army, and so minimize possibility of military coups in the future.

The analysts argue that the “show organizers” want to pave the way for Erdogan to promote himself as a uniting and mobilizing leader. They add that emergence of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as a national hero strengthens the theory that the government was not unaware of the incidents to happen in the country.

It is only through passage of time that things could be clear about the hands behind these events in Turkey. However, with a consideration of Gazi Park protests in 2013 which after three years documents of support of Soros Foundation are appearing to the public, the anti-government military move could be a color coup against Erdogan, and so Erdogan’s show-off is not an adequate reason for organizing the coup in the country. In fact, if Erdogan and the ruling Justice and Development Party succeed in putting down the coup, President Erdogan would gain even further power, but the cost of these events are very high for Erdogan himself.

On the other hand, Erdogan in recent months has intensified contacts with the army chiefs and won their green light to have them beside him in different issues of the country, and so at least in short run any coup against him was out of sight.

Furthermore, if we have in mind that the major forces carrying out the military coup are the air force and the gendarmerie, or the police forces, and not the ground forces which were coup organizers in the past in the country, it is credible to assume that pro-Gulen forces have orchestrated the move.

Should the pro-Erdogan army forces, security forces, and the government succeed in suppression of the coup and arresting all of the mutineers, it could be claimed that Erdogan stood in front of a large-scale danger by small risks, which was an “Allah blessing”, as he put it.

The number of the dead people is rising moment by moment, and the anti-coup forces, namely the army's armored and ground forces, are being deployed to the streets.

The coup, in general, is seen as a tough blow dealt to the national body of Turkey.

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